Independent In-depth Paragraph by Paragraph Analysis of the Implications of the Annan Plan
Article 2 The United Cyprus Republic, its federal government, and its constituent states
1. The status and relationship of the United Cyprus Republic, its federal government, and its constituent states, is modeled on the status and relationship of Switzerland, its federal government, and its cantons.
Cyprus will enter the EU on 1 May 2004 under the name “Republic of Cyprus”. The Republic of Cyprus and is recognised by all UN members (except Turkey which) as representing all of islands population and territory, including the areas illegally occupied by Turkey. The use by Annan of the extra qualifying term “United” can be construed as giving the impression that the Republic of Cyprus does not represent all of the islands territory or people by indirectly recognising the illegal secessionist entity in the north and thus contravenes UN resolutions 541 (1983) and 550 (1984).
Paragraph 1 blatantly contravenes the Makarios Denktash 1977 and 1979 High Level Agreements and every UN Resolution since Security Council resolution 649 (1990) which ‘Calls upon the leaders of the two communities to pursue their efforts to reach freely a mutually acceptable solution providing for the establishment of a federation that will be bi-communal as regards the constitutional aspects and bi-zonal as regards the territorial aspects in line with the present resolution and their 1977 and 1979 high-level agreements, and to co-operate, on an equal footing, with the Secretary-General in completing, in the first instance and on an urgent basis, an outline of an overall agreement, as agreed in June 1989.’
While UN resolution 649 (1990) calls for the establishment of a Federation, Article 2 Paragraph 1 of this Agreement cites the Confederal constitution of Switzerland as its basis.
Apart from the fact that no other constitution in the world has a clause in it stating that it should be modelled on that of another country, the Swiss constitution spells out that it is a “confederation” in 3 languages (Confédération suisse/Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft/Confederazione Svizzera in title to Article 1) and Kofi Annan could not have been ignorant of this.
A confederation operates in a completely different way and under a completely different socio-political and socio-economic structure from a federation therefore Mr Annan has submitted a plan that is clearly in contravention of his own organisations resolutions and the High Level Agreements they are based on.
Article 2 is in clear contravention of the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and must be amended.
Why is Mr Annan not adhering to the form of solution specified by his own organisations resolutions.
What exactly does Mr Annan think a federation is and how does he think it works.
Why has Mr Annan chosen Switzerland which along with not being a federal state is not even an EU member as the basis of his plan and not Belgium which is a federation and also an EU member.
Why is Mr Annan referring to constituent states, when there is no geographical of historical basis for such entities in Cyprus, instead of regions (which is the designation used by a federal constitution such as that of Belgium), or cantons.
How does Mr Annan know that Switzerland will continue to retain it’s present constructional system un-amended and what I Cyprus expected to do if it doesn’t. Is Cyprus expected to follow the ethos Switzerland’s constitutional amendments, a country which is not even an EU member or prospective candidate, with similar ones of its own.
1. The status and relationship of the Republic of Cyprus, its federal government, and its cantons is based on EU law.