The first settlements are built in Cyprus.
BC The first known domesticated cat in the world is buried at the Neolithic
village of Shillourokambos in Cyprus 4000 years before similar burials are
known in Egypt.
BC The world’s oldest perfumery is situated at the Pyrgos-Mavroraki site 55
miles southwest of Cyprus's capital Nicosia.
BC Aphrodite Ourania comes to Cyprus attended by Eros.
BC Aphrodite Zeia Kypris is born to Zeus and Dione.
BC Aerias founds a shrine to Aphrodite at Paphos.
BC Amathus the son of Aerias founds a shrine to Aphrodite at Amathus.
BC Kethimus (Kinyras or Kypros) rules over Cyprus according to the Bible.
Pygmalion Belis comes to the city of Amathus in Cyprus, marries Galatea and
BC Paphos Pygmaliotis is known in Cyprus.
BC Adonis Phoenikides is known.
BC Kinyras Paphitis founds the city of Paphos but is seduced by his own
daughter Smyrna, and begets a son Adonis.
BC Laodice, daughter of Kinyras marries Elatus Arcades of Arcadia and gives
birth to five sons, Aepytus, Pereus, Cyllen, Ischys, and Stymphalus.
BC Pygmalion (father unknown) rules at Paphos.
Astynoudes, marries Pharnace, daughter of Megassares, king of Hyria in
Celixia and begets Kinyras.
unnamed Cypriot king writes to the Pharaoh of Egypt who he calls his
BC Kinyras Sandocou having married Metharme, daughter of Pygmalion, becomes
king of Cyprus and begets Oxyporus and Adonis, and besides them daughters,
Orsedice, Laogore, and Braesia.
BC Kinyras (father unknown) rules at Paphos.
Kinyras sends Agamemnon Atrides 50 ships, 49 of them made of clay.
Agapenor Ancaeou the king of Arcadia rebuilds Paphos and builds a sanctuary
to Aphrodite at Palaepaphos.
Teucer Telemonides marries a daughter of Kinyras, begets a daughter Asteria
and founds Salamis.
time BC Laodice, a descendant of Agapenor sends a robe as a gift for Athena
Alea in Tegea.
Demophon Thesides the king of Athens dies in Cyprus.
Greek Archaic period
BC Euclus foretells of the birth of Homer to Themisto a native of Salamis.
The Tyrian king Eleuleus’ attempt to invade Cyprus results in the Assyrians
laying siege to Tyre after being called to assist the Cypriots.
BC Ten Cypriot kings including Pylagoras king of Chytroi, Eteander king of
Paphos and Damasus king of Kurion assist Esarhaddon the king of Assyria in
his campaign against Egypt.
BC Amasis compels Cyprus to pay tribute to Egypt after becoming the first
man to take it by force.
BC Evelthon is king of Salamis.
BC Siromas rules at Salamis.
BC Chersis Evelthonides rules at Salamis.
BC Gorgus Chersides rules at Salamis.
BC Onsilus the younger brother of Gorgus rules at Salamis and together with
other Cypriot kingdoms revolts against the Persians.
Gorgus restored at Salamis.
Greek Classical Period
BC Philaon rules at Salamis.
Nicodemus rules at Salamis.
Lacharidas rules at Salamis.
Evergetis rules at Salamis.
Phoenician tyrant usurps the throne of Salamis.
BC Abdemon the king of Tyre occupies Salamis.
Evagoras Teukrides takes back Salamis and then conquers Tyre and other
parts of Phoenicia and then all of Cyprus.
Pnythagoras fights at sea as an ally of Alexander in the siege of Tyre.
Menelaos is made satrap of Cyprus.
Ptolemaic Lagid Dynasty
Ptolemy Philometor sent to Cyprus by his mother Cleopatra
Alexander the brother of Ptolemy sent to Cyprus by his mother Cleopatra
Alexander returns from Cyprus and is made king of Egypt. Ptolemy campaigns
Cyprus becomes a Roman province.
Cyprus placed under the rule of Cleopatra by Julius Caesar.
Cyprus reverts to Roman rule.
St Paul, St Barnabas and St Mark introduce Christianity to Cyprus and convert
the Roman governor Sergius Paulus
AD A messianic Jewish revolt results in the massacre of 250,000 Cypriots.
Trajan intervenes to restore the peace and expels the Jews from Cyprus.
St Helen the mother of Constantine arrives in Cyprus with the cross of
Christ which disappears and miraculously re-appears at the top of Mt
Olympus in the Troodos range. Afterwards she brings cats to Cyprus to bring
the snakes under control and Greek settlers from Epirus to boost the
AD Salamis is rebuilt by Constantius II the son of Constantine after being
destroyed by earthquakes and is renamed Constantia.
Greek Byzantine Empire
Cyprus becomes part of the Greek dominated Byzantine Empire.
Arabs invade and pillage Cyprus sacking the city of Salamis.
Arabs invade Cyprus again and occupy it with a garrison of 20,000 men.
Arab garrison is withdrawn after the Arabs are defeated by Constantine IV.
Cyprus is declared neutral.
Cyprus is restored to Byzantine rule by Nicepheros Phokas.
Richard the Lionheart sacks Famagousta and sells Cyprus to the Knights
Cypriot people rebel against the Nights Templar who sell Cyprus to Guy de
Lusignan the exiled king of Jerusalem.
Amaury the brother of Guy introduces a feudal system to Cyprus.
The Orthodox Greeks of Cyprus are given religious freedom and rise up the
The Vanetians take control of Cyprus and the Greek Orthodox Church is given
full religious freedom.
The Ottomans invade Cyprus and massacre 20,000 inhabitents of Nicosia. The rest
of Cyprus soon falls except for Famagousta which is held uder siege.
The Ottomans massacre the population of Famagousta and flay the Venitian
captain Marcantonio Bragadin alive after breaking their word of honour. The
Cypriot Christian population is subjected to slavery. Since Christians are
forbidden from even stepping onto the socio-political ladder Cypriot
society becomes a virtua l theocracy.
Twenty eight bloody uprisings occur across the island.
The Ottoman governor Kuchuk Mehmed executes 486 Christians who he accuses
of supporting the Greek War of independence. 20,000 Greek Christians flee
the island in order to save their lives.
British colonial rule
The Ottomans sell control and possession of Cyprus to Great Britain in
return for military assistance against Russia.
Cyprus is annexed to the British Empire when the Turks side with Germany at
the start of the Great War.
Britain promises give Cyprus to Greece in return for joining the war but
reneges on its word.
Turkey renounces all claims to Cyprus in the Treaty of Lausanne and the
Turks are advised to leave the island.
Britain declares Cyprus a Crown Colony and imposes an undemocratic
constitution, which treats the majority Greeks as second-class citizens
while favouring the Muslims.
The Greeks rebel and demand union with Greece. British repression increases
Britain offers Cyprus to Greece in return for joining the Allies in WW2 and
once again reneges on its word.
The Cypriot resistance movement EOKA opposes British colonial rule.
The Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus is given its independence under another undemocratic constitution based
on a form of apartheid where the Greek Cypriots are once again treated as
second-class citizens in the country in which they form the overwhelming
Turkish state-sponsored TMT terrorists attack police stations across
Nicosia taking 200 people hostage. Turkey attempts to invade Cyprus bombing
and napalming civilians and the terrorists together with Turkish commandos
seize the Nicosia to Kyrenia main highway. A UN peacekeeping force is set
The Turkish state-sponsored terrorists attack the UN peacekeeping force and
seize the Larnaka to Limasol main highway to prepare for a Turkish
Turkey invades and ethnically cleanses the northern third of Cyprus in the
confusion caused by a failed CIA sponsored coup to assassinate the
president of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios.
Turkey declares the occupied areas of the Republic of Cyprus to be a
Turkish federated state amid universal condemnation.
report by the European Commission of Human Rights documents the war crimes
and human rights abuses perpetrated by Turkey during and after the invasion
of Cyprus, which were unreciprocated by the other side.
The UN declares the creation of a Turkish Cypriot state in the occupied
areas to be legally invalid.
Two Greek Cypriot refugees are murdered in cold blood in the UN buffer zone
in Cyprus by Turkish state sponsored MHP Grey Wolves terrorists who are
brought into Cyprus by the Turkish foreign Minster Tansu Ciller. Soon after
another refugee is murdered by the occupation regime while collecting
The Cypriot people resoundingly reject a plan by the fraudulent and corrupt
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to partition Cyprus and create an apartheid
state as demanded by Turkey.