Documents

ACTION CYPRUS

AN HEC PROJECT

United Nations Resolutions

 

The Security Council

Security Council Resolution 186 (1964)

-Condemns the Turkish aggression and state sponsored terrorism against Cyprus that began in December 1963 which the Security council states is in violation of Article 2 Paragraph 4 of the UN Charter and orders Tureky to refrain from further use or threat of any such action.
-Gives a mandate to the Cypriot National Guard to put an end to the bloodshed and restore the rule of law using all necessary means. This is the same mandate given to the NATO lad alliance that fought against Saddam Hussein.
-Sanctions the creation of a UN peace keeping force.

Security Council Resolution 193 (1964)

-In the wake of continued Turkish aggression against Cyprus, including hostage taking by the Turkish government sponsored TMT terrorist group and the parachuting in of Turkish commandos, and its escalation to the bombing and napalming of civilians by the Turkish Air-Force the UN demands the Turkey cease instantly its bombardment and use of military force of any kind against Cyprus.

Security Council Resolution 353 (1974)

-Condemns the illegal Turkish invasion of Cyprus which is contrary to the provisions of the UN Charter.
-Demands the immediate withdrawal from Cyprus soil of all illegal Turkish invasion forces and the supporters of Nikos Sampson who the
CIA and Henry Kissinger had ordered to assassinate President Makarios with NATO's blessing.

Security Council Resolutions 357-360 (1974)

-Condemns Turkeys violation of the UN ceasefire in-order to begin a second wave of invasion 3 weeks after democracy had been restored
-Condemns Turkeys deadly attacks against the UN Peacekeeping force.
-Demands that Turkey stop its invasion and withdraw its troops from Cyprus soil

Security Council Resolution 367 (1975)

-Condemns the creation of a "Federated Turkish State" out of the areas of Cyprus which Turkey illegally seized and ethnically cleansed.
-Condemns Turkeys deliberate ethnic cleansing and violation of the UN's previous resolutions and demands that Turkey implement General Assembly Resolution 3212(XXIX) immediately.

Security Council Resolution 541 (1983)

-Condemns the declaration of the so-called "TRNC", demes it legally invalid and for Turkey to withdraw it's declaration and on all nations not to recognise it.

Security Council Resolution 550 (1984)

-Condemns Turkish threats to settle the Famagousta suburb of Varosha and demands that it be handed over to the United Nations.
-Condemns Turkeys failure to retract its unilateral declaration of the "TRNC".

The General Assembly

General Assembly Resolution 3212(XXIX) (1974)

-Demands the withdrawal of all Turkish occupation forces from Cyprus and an end of all Turkish interference in it's affairs.
-Demands that the Refugees which Turkey ethnically cleansed be allowed to return to their homes.

General Assembly Resolution 37/253 (1983)

-Condemns Turkeys continuing violation of the UN's Resolutions and its illegal occupation ethnic cleansing and colonisation of Cyprus and calls for these resolutions of be implemented immediately.
-Demands the withdrawal of all Turkish occupation forces and the end of Turkish interference in Cyprus affairs.
-Demands that Turkey respect the human rights of all Cypriots including the three basic freedoms and the right of the Refugees to the homes in safety and to take immediate measures to that effect
-Considers that situation resulting from Turkeys use of force can not be allowed to influence or affect to solution of the Cyprus Problem.

Human Rights Sub-Commission Resolution 1987/19 (1987)

-Condemns the gross and systematic violation of human rights in Cyprus by Turkey and the lack of progress to ascertain the fate of the people missing form Turkeys concentration camps.
-Demands that the rights of the refugees to freedom of movement, settlement, and property in the occupied areas be restored.
-Condemns Turkeys illegal colonisation of the occupied areas and equates it with Genocide (as defined by the
international convention).

 

European Union

 

The European Court of Human Rights

Cyprus v. Turkey (1974-1976)

-The European Commission of Human Rights finds Turkey guilty of violating 14 Articles of the European Convention of Human Rights and its first protocol, including killings, displacement of persons, deprivation of liberty, mass rapes, torture and inhuman treatment, deprivation of possessions, looting and wonton destruction, discrimination and no remedy.

Cyprus v. Turkey (1976-1983)

-The European Commission of Human Rights finds Turkey guilty of repeated violation of 14 Articles of the European Convention of Human Rights and its first protocol including missing persons, displacement of persons and separation of families, deprivation of possessions, discrimination, no remedies, deprivation of liberty, deprivation of life, ill-treatment and forced labour.

Cyprus v. Turkey (application no. 25781/94)

-Finds Turkey guilty of 14 violations of the European Convention of Human Rights in occupied Cyprus, including the continuing violations of the right to life, protection of property, and right to effective remedy, and violations of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and region, and freedom of expression of the Greek Cypriots and the violation of the right to a fair trial of the Turkish Cypriots.

The European Parliament

European Parliament Resolution (19/09/96)

-"deeply shocked by the killings that took place in August during a peaceful demonstration for the reunification of the island, where two Greek Cypriots were killed and several wounded, including two UN peacekeepers, by the security forces of the Turkish-occupied part of Cyprus"

European Parliament Resolution (24/10/96)

-"shocked by the latest cold-blooded murder in Cyprus of yet another Greek Cypriot, Petros Kakoulis, in Cyprus by the Turkish occupation army"

European Parliament Resolution (17/09/97)

-"appalled at all statements by Rauf Denktash, leader of the Turkish Cypriot community, that there will be war in Cyprus if its application to join the EU is successful"

 

Other Documents

 

Conventions and Treaties

The Treaty of Lausanne

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

The Geneva Convention

Image Files and Tables

Maps of the occupied areas

List of towns and villages under Turkish occupation

 

A grieving mother holding photos of her missing son.
1600+ men, women and children still missing

Greek Cypriots taken prisoner and transported to Turkey.
up to 70,000 held hostage in concentration camps

A Greek Cypriot napalmed by the Turkish air-force.
5000+ massacred

Greek Cypriots subjected to humiliating and degrading treatment.
thousands raped and tortured
200,000 ethnically cleansed

Christian gave stones smashed by the Turks.
500+ churches desecrated or destroyed

The murder of Tasos Isaac.
murders of refugees continue to this day

The murder of Solomos Solomou.

2001/2005 HEC and Argyros Argyrou. Updated on 12 October 2005.