Art. 49. Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well
as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the
territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied
or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Nevertheless, the Occupying Power may undertake total or
partial evacuation of a given area if the security of the population or
imperative military reasons so demand. Such evacuations may not involve the
displacement of protected persons outside the bounds of the occupied
territory except when for material reasons it is impossible to avoid such
displacement. Persons thus evacuated shall be transferred back to their
homes as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased.
The Occupying Power undertaking such transfers or
evacuations shall ensure, to the greatest practicable extent, that proper
accommodation is provided to receive the protected persons, that the
removals are effected in satisfactory conditions of hygiene, health, safety
and nutrition, and that members of the same family are not separated.
The Protecting Power shall be informed of any transfers and evacuations as
soon as they have taken place.
The Occupying Power shall not detain protected persons in an area
particularly exposed to the dangers of war unless the security of the
population or imperative military reasons so demand.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian
population into the territory it occupies.
The Convention in full