Approved and proposed for signature and ratification or accession by
General Assembly resolution 260 A (III) of 9 December 1948 entry into force
12 January 1951, in accordance with article XIII status of ratifications,
reservations and declarations.
The Contracting Parties,
Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of
the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946 that
genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and
aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world,
Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted
great losses on humanity, and
Being convinced that, in order to liberate mankind from such an
odious scourge, international co-operation is required,
Hereby agree as hereinafter provided:
The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in
time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which
they undertake to prevent and to punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts
committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,
ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life
calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The following acts shall be punishable:
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d ) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.
Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in
article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally
responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.