Justice

ACTION CYPRUS

AN HEC PROJECT

Justice for Cyprus

 

Population Maps of the Occupied Villages and Districts

From the above map it can clearly be seen that the Greek, Maroniate and Armenian Cypriots who were Orthodox Christians formed the majority of the population in the parts of Cyprus that Turkey captured.

The following statistics also show that the Christians who made up 82% of the population owned the majority of the land.

Land Ownership by Ethnic Group:

60.9% - Greek/Armenian/Maronite Cypriots
12.3% - Turkish Cypriots
0.5% - Others
26.3% - State/Church Land

Source:Department of Lands and Surveys (refer to Annex 14 in Volume II of the "Memorandum by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cyprus" submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Commons, 27 February 1987.

The district of Kyrenia which was the first to be invaded was almost exclusively Greek Cypriot populated.

As soon as the first wave of the invasion began on 20 July 1974 Turkeys aim was to ethnically cleanse Cyprus of its Greek Cypriot majority.

When the second wave was launched on 14 August 1974 in violation of a UN Ceasefire and demands for Turkey's withdrawal Turkey proceed to move out from the 5% of Cyprus territory it had already captured in the Greek Cypriot district of Kyrenia after already ethnically cleansing it and began to round up Greek Cypriot civilians by force village by village and transported them to concentration camps in violation of the Geneva Convention. In so doing Turkish troops with the encouragement of Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit perpetrated unspeakable war crimes against the civilian population including mass rapes, systematic tortures and savage bodily mutilations. Greek Cypriot populated villages were also subjected to wave a upon wave of bombings and napalm attacks.

Turkeys claim that the brutal invasion of 1974 was a "peace mission" to save the Turkish Cypriots is not only sikening but is completely refuted by the evidence.

The European Court of Human Rights judged in 1996 and 2001 that the property rights of the refugees are still valid and inviolable. The refugees property is sill theirs and cannot be taken away from them. Any solution that places obstacles in the way of the refuges right to return and enjoy their property is ruled out by the ECHR. Therefore any form of partition of Cyprus territory or restrictions on the freedom of movement and right to property ownership of the refugees is illegal.

From the map below it can be seen that a separate Turkish Cypriot entity is not only completely unviable in itself but would also make the Greek Cypriot entity unviable even if it were to be based only on the villages which contained a Turkish Cypriot majority since it would place restrictions of freedom of movement.

Half of the land and property in the areas marked in green would still include Greek Cypriot owned land and property since the property owned by the Turkish Cypriots is only 12.3% of the occupied territory.

Any attempt to create a separate entity under Turkish Cypriot control which incorporates Greek Cypriot owned land or property would be cementing an act of genocide and would make it virtually impossible for the refugees to return.

The only solution that is compatible with international law and which does not violate human rights is the restoration of a democratic unitary state. Any deviation form this solution would be challenged justifiably in the courts.

A grieving mother holding photos of her missing son.
1600+ men, women and children still missing

Greek Cypriots taken prisoner and transported to Turkey.
up to 70,000 held hostage in concentration camps

A Greek Cypriot napalmed by the Turkish air-force.
5000+ massacred

Greek Cypriots subjected to humiliating and degrading treatment.
thousands raped and tortured
200,000 ethnically cleansed

Christian gave stones smashed by the Turks.
500+ churches desecrated or destroyed

The murder of Tasos Isaac.
murders of refugees continue to this day

The murder of Solomos Solomou.

2001/2002 HEC and Argyros Argyrou. Updated on 18 July 2002.